Periodontal Therapy

Periodontal disease is common among many people.  Studies have proven that Periodontal disease has been linked to chronic diseases such as diabetes, stroke, and heart disease.

Causes and Symptoms

With time, a buildup of bacterial plaque around the teeth can spread and grow below the gum line.

Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums.

The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in which the body turns against itself, and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed.

Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected.

As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed.  This destructible process has very mild symptoms which may not be noticeable.

Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.

Signs of gum disease:
  • Bleeding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Red and swollen gum tissue


Dr. Barr will create a treatment plan specific to your gum disease.  Early stages of gum disease can be treated by professional cleaning, oral hygiene instructions, and more frequent maintenance appointments.  More severe cases will benefit from scaling and root planning.

This is a deeper cleaning going into the pockets of the gum to remove plaque and tartar buildup.  Dental anesthetic can be used to make this procedure more comfortable.  After this stage of treatment Dr. Barr will evaluate to see if further treatment is needed or just continuing with a strict maintenance program.

If further treatment is necessary, Dr. Barr will work with a specialist to complete your treatment.

Contributing factors:
  • Tobacco use
  • Grinding
  • Poor oral health
  • Poor nutrition


Prevention is the key to avoiding any disease.  Proper nutrition, brushing and flossing at least twice daily, and seeing Dr. Barr on a regular basis for exams and professional cleanings is your best defense against gum disease.

Are you in need of dental services in Columbus, Indiana? We can help. Contact us today to speak with a member of our staff about your questions or to schedule your first appointment. We look forward to treating your smile!

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